FANDOM


Charles Richter and Beno Gutenberg's Paper Roll and Pen

Origin

Charles Francis Richter Beno Gutenberg

Type

Paper Roll and Pen

Effects

Detects any level of ground vibration in the immediate area. Shows detection as lines drawn on paper roll by pen. Once a major vibration (scale 5+) stops, the roll resets as blank and being detecting again.

Downsides

If physically moved by a force other than the detected vibration, it generates its own earthquake amplified on a scale of 1-10 (i.e. bump = scale 1. Knock over = scale 10).

Activation

Vibration/movement

Collected by

Agent Garrett Scott

Section

Scientia-732T

Aisle

None

Shelf

None

Date of Collection

3-24-13

[Source]


OriginEdit

Charles Francis Richter(April 26, 1900 – September 30, 1985) was an American seismologist and physicist. Richter is most famous as the creator of the Richter magnitude scale which, until the development of the moment magnitude scale in 1979, quantified the size of earthquakes. Inspired by Kiyoo Wadati's 1928 paper on shallow and deep earthquakes, Richter first used the scale in 1935 after developing it in collaboration with Beno Gutenberg; both worked at California Institute of Technology. The quote "logarithmic plots are a device of the devil" is attributed to Richter.</span> Beno Gutenberg (June 4, 1889 – January 25, 1960) was a German-American seismologist who made several important contributions to the science. He was a colleague and mentor of Charles Francis Richter at the California Institute of Technology and Richter's collaborator in developing the Richter magnitude scale for measuring an earthquake's magnitude.

The scale developed by Richter and Gutenberg (which became known by Richter's name only) was an absolute measure of an earthquake's intensity. Richter used a seismograph – an instrument generally consisting of a constantly unwinding roll of paper, anchored to a fixed place, and a pendulum or magnet suspended with a marking device above the roll – to record actual earth motion during an earthquake. The scale takes into account the instrument's distance from the epicenter, or the point on the ground that is directly above the earthquake's origin. Richter chose to use the term "magnitude" to describe an earthquake's strength because of his early interest in astronomy; stargazers use the word to describe the brightness of stars. Gutenberg suggested that the scale be logarithmic, so that a quake of magnitude 7 would be ten times stronger than a 6, a hundred times stronger than a 5, and a thousand times stronger than a 4. (The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake that shook San Francisco was magnitude 7.1.)

The Richter scale was published in 1935 and immediately became the standard measure of earthquake intensity. Richter did not seem concerned that Gutenberg's name was not included at first; but in later years, after Gutenberg was already dead, Richter began to insist that his colleague be recognized for expanding the scale to apply to earthquakes all over the globe, not just in southern California. Since 1935, several other magnitude scales have been developed. Depending on what data is available, different ones are used, but all are popularly known by Richter scale.

EffectsEdit

Detects any level of ground vibration in the immediate area. Shows detection as lines drawn on the paper roll by the pen. Once a major vibration (scale 5+) stops, the roll resets as blank. If physically moved by a force other than the detected vibration, it generates its own earthquakes, amplified on a scale of 1-10 (i.e. bump = scale 1. Knock over = scale 10). It is stored in a suspension sphere for safety.

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.